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智库丨以“一带一路”为支点推进中国银行业“走出去”

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年01月23日 15:55:55
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新宝娱乐2注册登录网址信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣992.77.339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站智库丨以“一带一路”为支点推进中国银行业“走出去”

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(原)(标)(题)(:智)(库)(丨)(以)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”为)(支)(点)(推)(进)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(“走)(出)(去)(”
时)(报)(聚)(焦)(一)(带)(一)(路)(·解)(说)(
(资)(料)(图)(片)()
■李)(虹)(含)(
随)(着)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”与)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(战)(略)(稳)(步)(推)(进)(,中)(国)(企)(业)(境)(外)(投)(资)(活)(动)(日)(趋)(增)(多)(,产)(生)(了)(大)(量)(海)(外)(金)(融)(服)(务)(诉)(求)(,中)(资)(银)(行)(需)(顺)(应)(国)(家)(战)(略)(要)(求)(,持)(续)(推)(进)(海)(外)(机)(构)(布)(局)(。
据)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(协)(会)(的)(统)(计)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,截)(止)(到)(2015年)(底)(,中)(资)(银)(行)(机)(构)(共)(有)(22家)(在)(海)(外)(59个)(国)(家)(、地)(区)(设)(置)(了)(1298家)(分)(支)(机)(构)(,总)(资)(产)(达)(1.69万)(亿)(美)(元)(,覆)(盖)(全)(球)(59个)(国)(家)(和)(地)(区)(,其)(中)(一)(级)(机)(构)(213家)(,大)(型)(商)(业)(银)(行)(境)(外)(总)(资)(产)(约)(1.5万)(亿)(美)(元)(,比)(2003年)(增)(长)(约)(7.5倍)(。外)(资)(银)(行)(在)(华)(设)(立)(40家)(外)(资)(法)(人)(机)(构)(、114家)(分)(行)(和)(174家)(代)(表)(处)(。自)(2015年)(以)(来)(,随)(着)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”建)(设)(深)(入)(推)(进)(,银)(行)(业)(金)(融)(机)(构)(积)(极)(支)(持)(国)(家)(倡)(议)(。截)(止)(到)(2016年)(1月)(,共)(有)(9家)(中)(资)(银)(行)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(24个)(国)(家)(设)(立)(了)(56家)(一)(级)(分)(支)(机)(构)(。与)(之)(相)(应)(的)(是)(,20余)(个)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”国)(家)(中)(的)(56家)(商)(业)(银)(行)(在)(华)(设)(立)(了)(7家)(子)(行)(、18家)(分)(行)(以)(及)(42家)(代)(表)(处)(。
“一)(带)(一)(路)(”推)(进)(中)(银)(行)(业)(海)(外)(发)(展)(的)(优)(势)(
“一)(带)(一)(路)(”建)(设)(为)(中)(国)(与)(沿)(线)(国)(家)(的)(互)(动)(融)(合)(和)(商)(业)(银)(行)(提)(供)(了)(广)(阔)(的)(市)(场)(区)(域)(、广)(泛)(的)(客)(户)(群)(体)(与)(难)(得)(的)(海)(外)(发)(展)(机)(遇)(。
银)(行)(国)(际)(业)(务)(新)(机)(遇)(。“一)(带)(一)(路)(”多)(数)(国)(家)(都)(是)(全)(球)(重)(要)(粮)(食)(产)(区)(和)(粮)(食)(来)(源)(地)(,为)(银)(行)(业)(深)(化)(海)(外)(“三)(农)(”国)(际)(服)(务)(和)(促)(进)(中)(国)(农)(业)(海)(外)(经)(贸)(合)(作)(提)(供)(了)(大)(量)(的)(机)(会)(;“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(国)(家)(的)(能)(源)(、资)(源)(相)(当)(丰)(富)(,中)(国)(重)(点)(合)(作)(的)(中)(亚)(、西)(亚)(和)(俄)(罗)(斯)(油)(气)(管)(道)(项)(目)(与)(油)(气)(建)(设)(勘)(探)(项)(目)(、能)(源)(资)(源)(深)(加)(工)(合)(作)(中)(的)(资)(金)(诉)(求)(较)(大)(,重)(点)(工)(程)(领)(域)(的)(项)(目)(建)(设)(金)(融)(需)(求)(将)(为)(银)(行)(业)(海)(外)(发)(展)(带)(来)(重)(要)(的)(机)(遇)(;同)(时)(,“一)(带)(一)(路)(”基)(础)(设)(施)(建)(设)(、互)(联)(互)(通)(也)(将)(为)(银)(行)(业)(带)(来)(较)(多)(机)(遇)(,特)(别)(是)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”的)(重)(点)(项)(目)(资)(金)(诉)(求)(较)(多)(,将)(为)(商)(业)(银)(行)(带)(来)(更)(多)(业)(务)(机)(遇)(。
银)(行)(客)(户)(群)(体)(新)(范)(围)(。根)(据)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(海)(外)(战)(略)(的)(发)(展)(布)(局)(,伴)(随)(着)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”建)(设)(的)(不)(断)(深)(入)(推)(进)(,以)(“能)(源)(、资)(源)(和)(农)(业)(”为)(代)(表)(产)(业)(的)(中)(国)(公)(司)(龙)(头)(可)(以)(广)(泛)(开)(展)(与)(这)(些)(资)(源)(禀)(赋)(较)(为)(丰)(富)(国)(家)(的)(投)(资)(、合)(作)(、合)(营)(。通)(过)(打)(通)(与)(境)(内)(银)(行)(金)(融)(服)(务)(体)(系)(的)(联)(系)(实)(现)(跨)(境)(投)(资)(与)(经)(营)(,深)(化)(与)(沿)(线)(国)(家)(的)(合)(作)(,为)(国)(内)(银)(企)(合)(作)(,国)(外)(银)(企)(沟)(通)(,“一)(带)(一)(路)(”优)(质)(资)(源)(整)(合)(,境)(内)(客)(户)(资)(源)(“走)(出)(去)(”,境)(外)(客)(户)(资)(源)(“引)(进)(来)(”,优)(化)(银)(行)(客)(户)(结)(构)(创)(造)(了)(便)(利)(条)(件)(。
银)(行)(产)(品)(创)(设)(新)(思)(路)(。境)(外)(银)(行)(服)(务)(为)(国)(内)(银)(行)(业)(产)(品)(设)(计)(、创)(新)(提)(出)(了)(新)(的)(要)(求)(同)(时)(创)(造)(了)(较)(大)(发)(展)(空)(间)(,尤)(其)(是)(在)(结)(算)(服)(务)(层)(面)(,商)(业)(银)(行)(要)(尽)(快)(构)(建)(完)(善)(多)(币)(种)(支)(持)(的)(国)(际)(服)(务)(与)(个)(人)(跨)(境)(结)(算)(服)(务)(,顺)(应)(跨)(境)(互)(联)(网)(金)(融)(服)(务)(快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(标)(准)(,提)(高)(在)(线)(支)(付)(服)(务)(水)(平)(,发)(展)(人)(民)(币)(双)(向)(资)(金)(池)(与)(跨)(境)(外)(汇)(资)(金)(池)(,提)(升)(全)(球)(现)(金)(管)(理)(能)(力)(与)(水)(平)(。
“一)(带)(一)(路)(”中)(银)(行)(业)(发)(展)(障)(碍)(
中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(国)(际)(业)(务)(发)(展)(起)(步)(较)(晚)(,“一)(带)(一)(路)(”中)(银)(行)(业)(发)(展)(也)(面)(临)(着)(诸)(多)(挑)(战)(。主)(要)(是)(由)(于)(境)(外)(监)(管)(当)(局)(在)(银)(行)(离)(岸)(业)(务)(、流)(动)(性)(与)(合)(规)(反)(洗)(钱)(方)(面)(政)(策)(较)(为)(严)(格)(,海)(外)(经)(营)(形)(势)(复)(杂)(,自)(身)(国)(际)(业)(务)(水)(平)(仍)(待)(提)(升)(,“一)(带)(一)(路)(”复)(杂)(的)(地)(缘)(、政)(治)(、经)(济)(因)(素)(也)(是)(制)(约)(银)(行)(业)(发)(展)(的)(重)(要)(原)(因)(之)(一)(。
地)(缘)(因)(素)(使)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(处)(于)(劣)(势)(。“一)(带)(一)(路)(”涉)(及)(的)(国)(家)(众)(多)(,文)(化)(差)(异)(大)(,政)(治)(因)(素)(牵)(扯)(其)(中)(,使)(商)(业)(经)(济)(及)(金)(融)(服)(务)(发)(展)(充)(满)(不)(确)(定)(性)(,中)(亚)(地)(区)(特)(殊)(的)(民)(族)(、宗)(教)(政)(策)(制)(约)(了)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(在)(其)(中)(的)(布)(局)(与)(发)(力)(,部)(分)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”国)(家)(也)(经)(常)(被)(卷)(入)(到)(大)(国)(纷)(争)(当)(中)(,而)(又)(易)(受)(西)(方)(国)(家)(的)(文)(化)(、经)(济)(的)(影)(响)(,中)(国)(商)(业)(经)(济)(对)(其)(输)(入)(常)(常)(受)(阻)(,银)(行)(业)(的)(海)(外)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”前)(景)(仍)(存)(疑)(惑)(。
“一)(带)(一)(路)(”各)(国)(经)(济)(发)(展)(水)(平)(存)(在)(巨)(大)(差)(异)(。“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(国)(家)(经)(济)(发)(展)(水)(平)(差)(异)(较)(大)(,银)(行)(业)(发)(展)(水)(平)(决)(定)(于)(当)(地)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(水)(准)(,因)(此)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(在)(海)(外)(布)(局)(过)(程)(当)(中)(面)(对)(不)(同)(的)(经)(济)(发)(展)(水)(平)(需)(采)(取)(不)(同)(的)(步)(骤)(开)(拓)(当)(地)(市)(场)(并)(展)(开)(区)(域)(合)(作)(,限)(制)(了)(整)(体)(化)(海)(外)(布)(局)(的)(快)(速)(推)(进)(。
银)(行)(业)(机)(构)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”网)(点)(布)(局)(不)(足)(。近)(年)(来)(,中)(国)(一)(直)(倡)(导)(金)(融)(机)(构)(“走)(出)(去)(”,但)(是)(金)(融)(机)(构)(大)(多)(选)(择)(了)(在)(发)(达)(国)(家)(设)(立)(分)(支)(机)(构)(,发)(达)(国)(家)(金)(融)(发)(展)(成)(熟)(,有)(设)(立)(分)(支)(机)(构)(的)(条)(件)(,而)(且)(能)(从)(发)(达)(国)(家)(获)(得)(投)(资)(机)(会)(。然)(而)(,中)(国)(的)(金)(融)(机)(构)(在)(中)(亚)(地)(区)(设)(立)(分)(支)(机)(构)(的)(还)(不)(多)(,这)(也)(限)(制)(了)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(国)(家)(的)(快)(速)(布)(局)(与)(发)(展)(。
缺)(乏)(人)(民)(币)(结)(算)(统)(一)(服)(务)(机)(构)(。“一)(带)(一)(路)(”快)(速)(发)(展)(将)(使)(各)(国)(与)(中)(国)(的)(经)(贸)(资)(金)(往)(来)(大)(大)(加)(速)(,商)(业)(银)(行)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(国)(家)(的)(快)(速)(布)(局)(需)(要)(有)(完)(善)(的)(结)(算)(中)(心)(作)(支)(撑)(。自)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”提)(出)(以)(来)(,多)(数)(国)(际)(性)(金)(融)(机)(构)(都)(在)(大)(力)(建)(设)(国)(际)(性)(支)(付)(结)(算)(中)(心)(,但)(是)(能)(够)(提)(供)(完)(善)(支)(付)(结)(算)(功)(能)(的)(中)(心)(却)(并)(不)(多)(,“一)(带)(一)(路)(”边)(贸)(结)(算)(商)(户)(为)(规)(避)(税)(费)(,多)(数)(倾)(向)(于)(现)(钞)(结)(算)(,中)(国)(与)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”各)(国)(的)(贸)(易)(失)(衡)(也)(对)(人)(民)(币)(结)(算)(产)(生)(较)(大)(影)(响)(。相)(较)(于)(跟)(发)(达)(国)(家)(的)(贸)(易)(往)(来)(,中)(国)(与)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(各)(国)(未)(来)(的)(经)(贸)(往)(来)(还)(存)(在)(较)(大)(发)(展)(空)(间)(,这)(也)(为)(建)(立)(完)(善)(的)(银)(行)(业)(金)(融)(机)(构)(人)(民)(币)(结)(算)(中)(心)(提)(供)(了)(更)(多)(机)(遇)(。
“一)(带)(一)(路)(”推)(进)(银)(行)(业)(海)(外)(发)(展)(的)(对)(策)(建)(议)(
中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(根)(据)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”建)(设)(积)(极)(推)(动)(国)(际)(交)(流)(,为)(各)(方)(合)(作)(搭)(建)(共)(享)(平)(台)(,广)(泛)(开)(展)(基)(金)(会)(、项)(目)(、高)(级)(金)(融)(人)(才)(的)(合)(作)(、交)(流)(与)(培)(训)(,为)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”合)(作)(打)(下)(坚)(实)(基)(础)(,同)(时)(通)(过)(发)(行)(人)(民)(币)(债)(券)(、建)(立)(专)(项)(基)(金)(、设)(立)(边)(跨)(境)(贸)(易)(金)(融)(服)(务)(中)(心)(等)(多)(种)(措)(施)(强)(化)(与)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(国)(家)(及)(地)(区)(的)(互)(利)(合)(作)(。
以)(巴)(基)(斯)(坦)(、哈)(萨)(克)(斯)(坦)(等)(国)(为)(银)(行)(业)(发)(展)(突)(破)(口)(。在)(中)(亚)(各)(国)(中)(哈)(萨)(克)(斯)(坦)(的)(经)(济)(实)(力)(较)(强)(,与)(中)(国)(的)(贸)(易)(往)(来)(较)(为)(活)(跃)(,也)(是)(中)(国)(在)(中)(亚)(地)(区)(最)(大)(的)(伙)(伴)(国)(。中)(国)(与)(巴)(、哈)(两)(国)(存)(在)(较)(好)(的)(合)(作)(基)(础)(,中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(对)(中)(亚)(国)(家)(的)(市)(场)(环)(境)(也)(有)(比)(较)(多)(的)(了)(解)(,有)(利)(于)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(在)(巴)(、哈)(两)(国)(的)(顺)(利)(推)(进)(。
鼓)(励)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”各)(国)(设)(立)(人)(民)(币)(结)(算)(中)(心)(。根)(据)(地)(区)(情)(况)(设)(置)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(自)(动)(存)(取)(款)(设)(备)(和)(支)(行)(网)(点)(,为)(人)(民)(币)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”中)(的)(使)(用)(提)(供)(基)(础)(服)(务)(,加)(强)(各)(国)(间)(银)(行)(业)(务)(往)(来)(交)(流)(。同)(时)(,要)(建)(立)(统)(一)(的)(人)(民)(币)(结)(算)(中)(心)(,方)(便)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”中)(的)(结)(算)(,提)(供)(安)(全)(有)(效)(的)(银)(行)(结)(算)(系)(统)(,完)(善)(多)(币)(种)(清)(算)(平)(台)(和)(交)(易)(渠)(道)(。进)(一)(步)(完)(善)(多)(币)(种)(、多)(交)(易)(方)(式)(、适)(合)(各)(类)(交)(易)(对)(手)(的)(清)(算)(平)(台)(,重)(点)(拓)(展)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”沿)(线)(国)(家)(货)(币)(清)(算)(渠)(道)(,形)(成)(以)(人)(民)(币)(为)(主)(的)(多)(币)(种)(跨)(国)(清)(算)(网)(络)(。同)(时)(,加)(快)(全)(球)(现)(金)(管)(理)(平)(台)(建)(设)(,完)(善)(配)(套)(制)(度)(和)(境)(内)(外)(现)(金)(管)(理)(产)(品)(体)(系)(,尽)(快)(实)(现)(灵)(活)(的)(多)(渠)(道)(接)(入)(、全)(面)(的)(客)(户)(关)(系)(管)(理)(以)(及)(其)(他)(相)(关)(系)(统)(的)(互)(联)(共)(享)(,将)(现)(金)(管)(理)(系)(统)(打)(造)(成)(集)(融)(资)(、理)(财)(、咨)(询)(服)(务)(为)(一)(体)(的)(综)(合)(现)(金)(管)(理)(平)(台)(,满)(足)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”企)(业)(人)(民)(币)(全)(球)(现)(金)(管)(理)(需)(求)(。
加)(大)(重)(点)(区)(域)(境)(外)(银)(行)(机)(构)(网)(点)(布)(局)(。鼓)(励)(银)(行)(业)(金)(融)(机)(构)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”地)(区)(设)(置)(分)(支)(机)(构)(,加)(强)(与)(境)(外)(商)(业)(银)(行)(账)(户)(往)(来)(,要)(挖)(潜)(原)(有)(重)(点)(区)(域)(传)(统)(业)(务)(,通)(过)(自)(主)(申)(设)(、战)(略)(并)(购)(、投)(资)(入)(股)(等)(方)(式)(在)(发)(达)(地)(区)(设)(立)(更)(多)(机)(构)(网)(点)(,招)(揽)(当)(地)(银)(行)(管)(理)(人)(才)(,通)(过)(稳)(健)(、合)(理)(的)(海)(外)(银)(行)(经)(营)(,吸)(收)(先)(进)(技)(术)(和)(卓)(越)(的)(管)(理)(经)(验)(对)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(弥)(补)(“走)(出)(去)(”战)(略)(经)(验)(匮)(乏)(等)(问)(题)(具)(有)(重)(要)(作)(用)(。
专)(设)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”特)(色)(银)(行)(业)(务)(模)(式)(。
中)(资)(企)(业)(在)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”中)(“走)(出)(去)(”离)(不)(开)(中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(金)(融)(服)(务)(的)(大)(力)(支)(持)(,随)(着)(战)(略)(布)(局)(的)(快)(速)(推)(进)(,越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(企)(业)(使)(用)(银)(行)(业)(务)(走)(出)(国)(门)(跨)(国)(经)(营)(,对)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”背)(景)(下)(复)(杂)(的)(人)(文)(、政)(治)(、经)(济)(因)(素)(中)(的)(银)(行)(服)(务)(提)(出)(了)(更)(高)(的)(要)(求)(。中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(应)(创)(设)(更)(多)(新)(产)(品)(模)(式)(与)(业)(务)(,专)(门)(针)(对)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”客)(户)(诉)(求)(,为)(其)(提)(供)(多)(样)(化)(、个)(性)(化)(、综)(合)(化)(的)(产)(品)(和)(服)(务)(。
夯)(实)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”银)(行)(专)(业)(人)(才)(队)(伍)(。
银)(行)(国)(际)(化)(步)(伐)(加)(快)(对)(人)(才)(队)(伍)(建)(设)(的)(要)(求)(越)(来)(越)(高)(,特)(别)(是)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”地)(区)(国)(家)(众)(多)(,语)(种)(繁)(杂)(,文)(化)(因)(素)(充)(满)(差)(异)(。中)(国)(银)(行)(业)(应)(加)(大)(“一)(带)(一)(路)(”外)(语)(人)(才)(储)(备)(力)(度)(,尤)(其)(是)(小)(语)(种)(人)(才)(和)(青)(年)(国)(际)(化)(人)(才)(储)(备)(工)(作)(。
(作)(者)(单)(位)(:华)(夏)(银)(行)(资)(产)(管)(理)(部)()
主)(编)(丨)(毛)(晶)(慧)(编)(辑)(丨)(高)(珂)(
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声)(明)(:该)(文)(观)(点)(仅)(代)(表)(作)(者)(本)(人)(,搜)(狐)(号)(系)(信)(息)(发)(布)(平)(台)(,搜)(狐)(仅)(提)(供)(信)(息)(存)(储)(空)(间)(服)(务)(。
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